Materiales de Construcción, Vol 62, No 306 (2012)

Determination of the stress-strain curve in specimens of Scots pine for numerical simulation of defect free beams

V. Baño
CETEMAS, Centro Tecnológico Forestal y de la Madera, Spain

R. Argüelles-Bustillo
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain

R. Regueira
Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spain

M. Guaita
Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spain


The objective of this paper is to develop a twodimensional numerical model to simulate the response of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) defect free timber members in order to predict the behaviour of these members when subjected to external forces. For this purpose, data of the mechanical properties of Scots pine were obtained by performing experimental tests on specimens. We determined the stresses and deformations of timber beams in the elastic-plastic and plastic phases. In addition, we developed a finite element software that considered the orthotropic nature of timber, the non-linearity of the compression-reduction branch and the differing moduli of elasticity in tension and compression for Scots pine beams free from defects. The software developed simulates an experimental four point bending test according to UNE-EN 408 Standard.


timber construction; numerical simulation; FEM; Pinus sylvestris L.

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