Materiales de Construcción, Vol 62, No 306 (2012)

Constructive Aspects of the Artificial Stone Veneer (arcosita "Butsems") of the South Façade of the Spanish Senate Palace


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2012.61510

R. Bustamante
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain

J. Monjo
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain

M. I. Sánchez de Rojas
Instituto de Ciencias de la Construcción Eduardo Torroja de Madrid (IETcc-CSIC), Spain

Abstract


The South façade of the Senate of Spain (Marina Square, Madrid) has undergone transformations since it was the old Convent-College of the Augustinians (1581-1601). According to photographical and historical documentation, by 1951 the coating was fully repaired and all its compositional and ornamental elements were dismantled. The reconstruction was carried out using cladding with an artificial stone (polished “arcosita Butsems”) made with a low content of portlandite, according to the XRD and FTIR tests performed. This paper covers the taking of samples, the testing and analysis of the materials, and a brief description of the pathological processes suffered as a result of the manufacture and installation of the cladding.

Keywords


mortar-fixed cladding; artificial sandstone; Senate Palace; Butsems

Full Text:


PDF

References


(1) Bustamante, R.; Monjo J.; Alonso de la Calle, M. (2010): The Modifications of the Main Façade of the Spanish Senate Palace, Proceedings XXXVII IAHS World congress on Housing, p. 334. Santander.

(2) Revista Arquitectura (1918): “Los oficios de la construcción”, Jornales de los obreros y condiciones de trabajo, nº 2, pp. 35-36.

(3) Ambrós Escanellas, M. (junio 1951): “Proyecto de consolidación, saneamiento y reforma; restauración y decoración del palacio del Senado, hoy Consejo Nacional de FET y de las JONS”, Archivo Documental del Palacio del Senado, Madrid.

(4) UNE-EN 998-1:2010 Especificaciones de los morteros para albañilería. Parte 1: Morteros para revoco y enlucido.




Copyright (c) 2012 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Contact us materconstrucc@ietcc.csic.es

Technical support soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es