Materiales de Construcción, Vol 63, No 311 (2013)

Ariadne´s house (Pompeii, Italy) wall paintings: A multidisciplinary study of its present state focused on a future restoration and preventive conservation


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2012.00812

M.C. Pérez
Instituto Valenciano de Conservación y Restauración de Bienes Culturales (Valencia), Spain

F. J. García-Diego
Universidad Politécnica de Valencia - Unidad Asociada ICMM- CSIC/UPV. Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain

P. Merello
Instituto Valenciano de Conservación y Restauración de Bienes Culturales (Valencia) - Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Spain

P. D’Antoni
Instituto Valenciano de Conservación y Restauración de Bienes Culturales (Valencia), Spain

A. Fernández-Navajas
Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Spain

A. Ribera i Lacomba
Ayuntamiento de Valencia, Spain

L. Ferrazza
Instituto Valenciano de Conservación y Restauración de Bienes Culturales (Valencia), Spain

J. Pérez-Miralles
Instituto Valenciano de Conservación y Restauración de Bienes Culturales (Valencia) - Exma. Diputación de Castellón, Spain

José-Luis Baró
Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Spain

P. Merce
Instituto Valenciano de Conservación y Restauración de Bienes Culturales (Valencia), Spain

H. D’Antoni
NASA Ames Research Center, (California), United States

J. Curiel-Esparza
Universidad Politécnica de Valencia - Unidad Asociada ICMM- CSIC/UPV. Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain

Abstract


This paper deals with the development of a multidisciplinary study on the current state of conservation of Ariadne's house (Pompeii, Italy), a domus of great archaeological value. The aim of this study is to undertake the preventive conservation actions required and increase the knowledge about its conservation and to generate discussions and points of view for a future restoration. Environmental studies, electromagnetic radiation measurements, study of materials and a photographical study were carried out. Those studies revealed that the rooftops covering the analyzed rooms resulting in adverse weather conditions causing grave damage to the conservation of the wall paintings. Thus, between 2009-2010 the rooftops were changed and new environmental studies were conducted. Studies of materials showed that the paintings match in execution and composition with those reported by other authors. The salts from modern mortars from previous restorations were affecting frescoes, also it is described a thin grayish surface layer from environmental contaminants.

Keywords


Restoration; deterioration; efflorescence; thermal analysis; electronic microscopy

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