Materiales de Construcción, Vol 64, No 316 (2014)

Effect of citric acid and the hemihydrate amount on the properties of a calcium sulphoaluminate cement


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2014.03513

G. Velazco
Cinvestav Saltillo, Mexico

J. M. Almanza
Cinvestav Saltillo, Mexico

D. A. Cortés
Cinvestav Saltillo, Mexico

J. C. Escobedo
Cinvestav Saltillo, Mexico

J. I. Escalante-Garcia
Cinvestav Saltillo, Mexico

Abstract


The influence of citric acid on the hydration and strength development of a calcium sulphoaluminate cement was investigated. Cement pastes were prepared by mixing calcium sulphoaluminate (C4A3Ŝ) with 15, 20 and 25wt% of hemihydrate (CŜH0.5). Citric acid was added as a retarder at 0 and 0.5wt%. The samples were cured at 20 °C for periods of time from 1 to 28 days to evaluate their compressive strength and to characterize the hydration products by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Calorimetric curves showed that the retarding agent considerably decreases the heat release rate and the quantity of total heat released. The main product after the curing was ettringite (C63H32). The morphology of this phase consisted of long and thin needles growing radially on the cement grains. Samples with 15wt% of hemihydrate and 0.5wt% of citric acid developed the highest compressive strength (70 MPa) at 28 days of curing.

Keywords


Calorimetry; Ettringite; Sulphoaluminate; Citric acid

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