Materiales de Construcción, Vol 55, No 277 (2005)

Use of the microcrystalline limestone as building material: the "GrisPulpis"case


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2005.v55.i277.177

M. A. García del Cura
Instituto de Geología Económica. CSIC-UCM Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra y del Medio Ambiente. Universidad de Alicante, Spain

D. Benavente
Laboratorio de Petrología Aplicada. Unidad Asociada CSIC-UA, Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra y del Medio Ambiente. Universidad de Alicante, Spain

A. Bernabéu
Laboratorio de Petrología Aplicada. Unidad Asociada CSIC-UA, Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra y del Medio Ambiente. Universidad de Alicante, Spain

R. Fort
Instituto de Geología Económica. CSIC-UCM, Laboratorio de Petrología Aplicada. Unidad Asociada CSIC-UA, Spain

A. La Iglesia
Instituto de Geología Económica. CSIC-UCM, Laboratorio de Petrología Aplicada. Unidad Asociada CSIC-UA, Spain

S. Ordonez
Laboratorio de Petrología Aplicada. Unidad Asociada CSIC-UA, Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra y del Medio Ambiente. Universidad de Alicante, Spain

Abstract


Gris Pulpis is a Jurassic microcrystalline limestone found in the Maestrazgo Area of the Iberian Mountain Range (province of Castellón, Spain). This paper reports the results of a detailed study of the mineralogical, pelrographic and chromatic characteristics, as well as the durability, of this stone, classified as a commercial marble for its polish ability. The study determined the relationship between the structural characteristics of the stone, with a proliferation of stylolites and veins, and its physical properties. Its flexura I strength was found to be greater than would normally be expected in a structure with such a dense web of stylolites and veins. This is due to the structural and mineralogical properties of these stylolites, characterised by an extremely wavy design, scant mineral infillings and, occasionally, subsequent cementation. The characteristics of the porous media of homogeneous microcrystalline limestones such as Gris Pulpis largely explain the durability of this stone when exposed to freeze-thaw cycles and salt crystallisation. These arc the properties that make Gris Pulpis limestone, quarried in the Spanish Region of Valencia, a valuable building material for both architectural and civil engineering applications

Keywords


ornamental rocks; limestone; durability; physical properties; microstructure; petrography

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