Materiales de Construcción, Vol 65, No 319 (2015)

Thermal dehydration kinetics of phosphogypsum


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2015.07214

F. A. López
Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Metalúrgicas (CENIM-CSIC), Spain

H. Tayibi
Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Metalúrgicas (CENIM-CSIC), Spain

I. García-Díaz
Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Metalúrgicas (CENIM-CSIC), Spain

F. J. Alguacil
Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Metalúrgicas (CENIM-CSIC), Spain

Abstract


Phsophogypsum is a by-product from the processing phosphate rock. Before the use of it in cement industry such as setting regulator is necessary a study of dehydration reaction of phosphogypsum to avoid the false setting during the milling.
The aim is to study the thermal behavior of two different phosphogypsum sources (Spain and Tunisia) under non-isothermal conditions in argon atmosphere by using Thermo-Gravimetriy, Differential Thermal Analysis (TG-DTA) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC).
DSC experiments were carried out at temperatures ranging from ambient to 350 °C at different heating rates. The temperatures of conversion from gypsum to hemihydrate and anhydrite states and heat of dehydration were determined. Various methods were used to analyze the DSC data for reaction kinetics determination. The activation energy and frequency factor were calculated for dehydration of phosphogypsum. Activation energy values of the main dehydration reaction of phosphogypsum were calculated to be approximately 61–118 kJ/mol.

Keywords


Phosphogypsum; Kinetics; Dehydration; Thermal behavior; Cement

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