Materiales de Construcción, Vol 66, No 321 (2016)

Influence of cactus mucilage and marine brown algae extract on the compressive strength and durability of concrete


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2016.07514

E. F. Hernández
Instituto Politécnico Nacional/CIIDIR Unidad Oaxaca, Mexico

P. F. de J. Cano-Barrita
Instituto Politécnico Nacional/CIIDIR Unidad Oaxaca, Mexico

A. A. Torres-Acosta
Universidad Marista de Querétaro, Mexico

Abstract


This paper presents the mechanical performance and durability of concrete with water/cement (w/c) ratios of 0.30 and 0.60 containing cactus mucilage and brown marine seaweed extract solutions (at 0.5° Brix concentrations). Cylindrical specimens (100 mm x 200 mm) were cast and moist-cured for 0 and 28 days. Compressive strength, rapid chloride permeability, and chloride diffusion tests were conducted to evaluate all of the concrete mixes at the ages of 60 and 120 days. In addition, accelerated carbonation tests were carried out on specimens at the age of 180 days by exposure to 23 °C, 60% RH and at 4.4% CO2 for 120 days. The compressive strength results showed that only one concrete mix with admixtures increased in strength compared to the control. Regarding the rapid chloride permeability, chloride diffusion and carbonation, the results indicated that the durability of concretes containing organic additions was enhanced compared to the control.

Keywords


Concrete; Organic admixtures; Compressive strength; Chloride; Durability

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