Materiales de Construcción, Vol 66, No 324 (2016)

Recycling ceramic industry wastes in sound absorbing materials


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2016.10615

C. Arenas
University of Seville, Higher Technical School of Engineering, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Spain

L. F. Vilches
University of Seville, Higher Technical School of Engineering, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Spain

C. Leiva
University of Seville, Higher Technical School of Engineering, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Spain

B. Alonso-Fariñas
University of Seville, Higher Technical School of Engineering, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Spain

M. Rodríguez-Galán
University of Seville, Higher Technical School of Engineering, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Spain

Abstract


The scope of this investigation is to develop a material mainly composed (80% w/w) of ceramic wastes that can be applied in the manufacture of road traffic noise reducing devices. The characterization of the product has been carried out attending to its acoustic, physical and mechanical properties, by measuring the sound absorption coefficient at normal incidence, the open void ratio, density and compressive strength. Since the sound absorbing behavior of a porous material is related to the size of the pores and the thickness of the specimen tested, the influence of the particle grain size of the ceramic waste and the thickness of the samples tested on the properties of the final product has been analyzed. The results obtained have been compared to a porous concrete made of crushed granite aggregate as a reference commercial material traditionally used in similar applications. Compositions with coarse particles showed greater sound absorption properties than compositions made with finer particles, besides presenting better sound absorption behavior than the reference porous concrete. Therefore, a ceramic waste-based porous concrete can be potentially recycled in the highway noise barriers field.

Keywords


Concrete; Bricks; Waste treatment; Aggregate; Particle size distribution

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