Materiales de Construcción, Vol 69, No 333 (2019)

Carbonation of hybrid concrete with high blast furnace slag content and its impact on structural steel corrosion

D. E. Angulo-Ramirez
Grupo Materiales Compuestos, Universidad del Valle, Colombia

R. Mejía de Gutiérrez
Grupo Materiales Compuestos, Universidad del Valle, Colombia

W. G. Valencia-Saavedra
Grupo Materiales Compuestos, Universidad del Valle, Colombia

M. H. F. de Medeiros
Federal University of Paraná, Brazil

J. Hoppe-Filho
Federal University of Western Bahia, Brazil


The aim of this research was to study the carbonation resistance of a blast furnace slag concrete (80% GBFS/20%OPC), with and without alkaline activation, and its influence on the corrosion of structural reinforcement. An OPC-based concrete produced under the same specifications was used as a reference material. To do this, the material was subjected to an accelerated carbonation process under controlled conditions (65% relative humidity, 1% CO2, 25°C). The half-cell potential (Ecorr), linear polarization resistance (LPR) tests showed that both concretes based on GBFS led to depassivation of the reinforcing steel at approximately 99 days, which is the time required for full carbonation of the evaluated concretes.


Carbonation; Blast furnace slag; Blended Concrete; Alkali-activated concrete; Corrosion

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