Materiales de Construcción, Vol 70, No 337 (2020)

Pozzolanic activity of argentine vitreous breccia containing mordenite

V. L. Bonavetti
Facultad de Ingeniería, CIFICEN (UNCPBA-CONICET-CICPBA), Argentina

V. F. Rahhal
Facultad de Ingeniería, CIFICEN (UNCPBA-CONICET-CICPBA), Argentina

F. Locati

E. F. Irassar
Facultad de Ingeniería, CIFICEN (UNCPBA-CONICET-CICPBA), Argentina

S. Marfil
Departamento de Geología, CGAMA (CIC-UNS), Argentina

P. Maiza
Departamento de Geología, CGAMA (CIC-UNS), Argentina


A vitreous breccia with variable amount of mordenite was studied for its use as pozzolan. The raw material was characterized by optical and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and the zeolite content was estimated by the methylene blue staining technique. After being ground, physical characteristics, cation exchange capacity (CEC), pozzolanicity, and the compressive strength activity index (SAI) were determined. The staining technique and the CEC measurement were used to evaluate the average content of zeolite. The vitreous breccia has pozzolanic activity after 7 days, the water demand increases slightly, and its addition stimulates the early hydration of portland cement. At later ages, the pozzolanic reaction around the grains, as revealed by SEM studies, improves the compressive strength of blended cements having a SAI > 0.85 at 28 days.


Pozzolan; Petrography; Blended cement; Hydration; Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)

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