Materiales de Construcción, Vol 70, No 337 (2020)

Effect of high temperatures on the mechanical behaviour of hybrid cement

B. Qu
Departmento de Ciencia de los Materiales, CIME. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid - Eduardo Torroja Institute for Construction Science (CSIC), Spain

A. Fernández Jiménez
Eduardo Torroja Institute for Construction Science (CSIC), Spain

A. Palomo
Eduardo Torroja Institute for Construction Science (CSIC), Spain

A. Martin
Departmento de Ciencia de los Materiales -CIME. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain

J. Y. Pastor
Departmento de Ciencia de los Materiales -CIME. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain


The high-temperature mechanical behaviour of a pre-industrial hybrid alkaline cement (HYC) was studied. The HYC in question contained 30 % Portland clinker and 70 % of a blend of slag, fly ash and a solid activator (mix of alkaline salts with a predominance of Na2SO4). The material was tested during exposure to high temperatures to establish its compressive and bending strength and elastic modulus, as well as fracture toughness, analysed using an innovative methodology to notch the hydrated cement paste specimens. Post-thermal treatment tests were also run to assess residual mechanical strength after 2 h of exposure to temperatures ranging from 400 °C to 1000 °C. TG/DTA, MIP and SEM were deployed to ascertain heat-induced physical-chemical changes in the structure. The higher mechanical strength during and after treatment exhibited by the hardened hybrid alkaline cement than the CEM I 42.5R ordinary portland cement (OPC) paste used as a reference was associated with the lower water and portlandite content found in HYC. Pseudo-plastic behaviour was observed at high temperatures in the loaded HYC in the tests conducted during exposure.


Hybrid cement; High temperature; Mechanical behaviour; Fracture toughness; Porosity

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