Materiales de Construcción, Vol 70, No 338 (2020)

Preliminary study on the upcycle of non-structural construction and demolition waste for waste cleaning


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2020.13819

P. Chen
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Anhui University of Science and Technology - Hefei Construction Engineering Group Co., China
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5538-617X

X. Chen
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Anhui University of Science and Technology, China
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6451-0283

Y. Wang
School of Civil Engineering, Wuhan University, China
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8935-5956

P. Wang
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Anhui University of Science and Technology, China
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7229-6061

Abstract


This study proposes a method to convert non-structural calcium-rich construction and demoli­tion waste fines into adsorbents of heavy metal ions by mixing waste fines with diammonium hydrogen phos­phate solution to produce hydroxyapatite, which has high surface areas and excellent ion-exchange capacity with heavy metal ions. As a result, environmental polluting waste is converted into environmentally cleaning material. Waste putty powders was chosen as the representative waste to investigate the detailed formation process of hydroxyapatite and the key reaction parameters of the reaction. Results showed that hydroxyapatite can be pro­duced on waste putty particles. Higher ageing temperatures or longer ageing duration are beneficial to the yield and crystallinity of the produced hydroxyapatite. Adsorption testing confirmed that Ni2+ can replace Ca2+ in the hydroxyapatite lattice, leading to the formation of a new crystal, arupite (Ni3(PO4)2•8H2O), and contributing to a modest adsorption capacity for Ni2+ (15 mg/g) for the hydroxyapatite-containing waste putty.

Keywords


Concrete; Heavy metals; Waste treatment; Adsorption; Characterization

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