Preliminary study on the upcycle of non-structural construction and demolition waste for waste cleaning
Keywords:Concrete, Heavy metals, Waste treatment, Adsorption, Characterization
This study proposes a method to convert non-structural calcium-rich construction and demolition waste fines into adsorbents of heavy metal ions by mixing waste fines with diammonium hydrogen phosphate solution to produce hydroxyapatite, which has high surface areas and excellent ion-exchange capacity with heavy metal ions. As a result, environmental polluting waste is converted into environmentally cleaning material. Waste putty powders was chosen as the representative waste to investigate the detailed formation process of hydroxyapatite and the key reaction parameters of the reaction. Results showed that hydroxyapatite can be produced on waste putty particles. Higher ageing temperatures or longer ageing duration are beneficial to the yield and crystallinity of the produced hydroxyapatite. Adsorption testing confirmed that Ni2+ can replace Ca2+ in the hydroxyapatite lattice, leading to the formation of a new crystal, arupite (Ni3(PO4)2•8H2O), and contributing to a modest adsorption capacity for Ni2+ (15 mg/g) for the hydroxyapatite-containing waste putty.
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