Materiales de Construcción, Vol 50, No 257 (2000)

Characterization of ancient construction materials (mud walls and adobe) in the churches at Cisneros, Villada and Boada de Campos (Palencia)

R. Sánchez Hernández
Dpto. de Geología. Universidad de Salamanca, Spain

M. Suárez Barrios
Dpto. de Geología. Universidad de Salamanca, Spain

J. M. Martín Pozas
Dpto. de Geología. Universidad de Salamanca, Spain


The aim of this work is to characterize the ancient building materials (mud wall and adobe) of three churches in the province of Palencia. This is the first part of a study which seeks to evaluate how the mud walls of the tower of the church of Cisneros reacted to restoration treatment which consisted of a structural reinforcement made by injecting a highly fluid grout of cement/lime/sand mortar. This treatment implies the introduction of large quantities of water into the fabric.
The mud walls of the tower of Cisneros are compositionally and texturally very similar to each other, which indicates that despite their large dimensions, care was taken in the homogeneity of the materials. These mud walls are also very similar to those of the church of Villada. The original raw material is mud with some additives (rubble, ashes, bones, etc.) and some remains of lime used as a stabiliser. Although there is a very high proportion of clay, no effervescing clay has been detected. Hence it is deduced that once the mud wall was built, there were no important changes in volume due to variation in the humidity of the fabric.
The characteristics of the adobe of the tower of Boada are logically different form those of the mud walls, being made of less sandy, more clayey mud with a high proportion of straw that the mud walls do not have, and without the addition of bricks, bones, etc.

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Copyright (c) 2000 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

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