Materiales de Construcción, Vol 41, No 224 (1991)

Early age volume changes in concrete due to chemical shrinkage of cement paste


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.1991.v41.i224.728

L. Ebensperger
Instituto de Materiales de Construcción, Universidad Técnica de Munich, Germany

R. Breitenbücher
Instituto de Materiales de Construcción, Universidad Técnica de Munich, Germany

R. Springenschmid
Instituto de Materiales de Construcción, Universidad Técnica de Munich, Germany

Abstract


Unrestrained early age volume changes due to chemical shrinkage in cement pastes, mortars and concretes have been determined. The measurements were performed on sealed and unsealed samples which were stored under water.
The chemical shrinkage of unsealed specimens represents the amount of absorbed water due to the chemical reaction of the cement It depends only on the cement content of the sample and does not lead to changes of the external dimensions. However the chemical shrinkage of sealed specimens is connected with a real volume change due to self-desiccation and the effect of internal pressures. The shrinkage depends in this case on the restraining effect of coarse aggregates as well as the cement content. The chemical shrinkage measured on sealed concretes was much higher than the one expected to ocurr on concretes, because normally an equalization of pressure takes place to some extent in the interior of the concrete.
The use of expansive additives showed that they may compensate the chemical shrinkage, but its dosage is very sensitive and should be defined exactly for each case particularly.

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