Materiales de Construcción https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc <p><em><strong>Materiales de Construcción</strong></em> is a scientific journal published by <a title="Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas" href="https://www.csic.es/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CSIC</a> and edited by the <a title="Instituto de Ciencias de la Construcción Eduardo Torroja" href="https://www.ietcc.csic.es/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instituto de Ciencias de la Construcción Eduardo Torroja</a>.</p> <p>It was founded in 1949 at the Technical Institute for Construction and Cement under the heading <em>Últimos avances en materiales de construcción. Boletín de circulación limitada</em> (ISSN 1698-9333). In 1958 was renamed as <em>Materiales de Construcción. Ultimos avances</em> (ISSN 0465-2746) and published with its actual name from 1974. It began to be available online in 2007, in PDF format, maintaining printed edition until 2014. That year it became an electronic journal publishing in PDF, HTML and XML-JATS. Contents of previous issues are also available in PDF files.</p> <p>It is a scientific Journal published in English, intended for researchers, plant technicians and other professionals engaged in the area of Construction, Materials Science and Technology. Scientific articles focus mainly on:</p> <p>- Physics and chemistry of the formation of cement and other binders.<br />- Cement and concrete. Components (aggregate, admixtures, additions and similar). Behaviour and properties.<br />- Durability and corrosion of other construction materials.<br />- Restoration and conservation of the materials in heritage monuments.<br />- Weathering and the deterioration of construction materials.<br />- Use of industrial waste and by-products in construction.<br />- Manufacture and properties of other construction materials, such as: gypsum/plaster, lime, composite materials, polymers, recycled materials, stone, brick and tile, glass, wood and so forth.</p> <p><strong>Materiales de Construcción</strong> is indexed in <a title="WOS" href="https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/solutions/web-of-science/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Web of Science</a>: <a title="JCR" href="https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/solutions/journal-citation-reports/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Journal Citation Reports</a> (JCR) and <a title="SCI" href="https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/solutions/webofscience-scie/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Science Citation Index Expanded</a> (SCI) since 2007; <a title="SCOPUS" href="https://www.elsevier.com/solutions/scopus" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SCOPUS</a>, <a title="CWTSji" href="http://www.journalindicators.com/indicators/journal/17135" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CWTS Leiden Ranking</a> (Journal indicators), <a href="https://redib.org/Serials/Record/oai_revista448-materiales-de-construcci%C3%B3n" target="_blank" rel="noopener">REDIB</a>, <a href="https://doaj.org/toc/1988-3226" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOAJ</a> and other national and international databases. It is indexed in Latindex Catalogue 2.0 and has obtained the FECYT Seal of Quality.</p> <p><strong style="color: #800000;">Journal Impact Factor (JIF)</strong> 2020 (2 years): <strong>1.619</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Journal Impact Factor (JIF)</strong> 2020 (5 years): <strong>2.285</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Rank by JIF: </strong><strong>49</strong>/66 (Q3, Construction and Building Technology)<br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Rank by JIF: </strong><strong>273</strong>/335 (Q4, Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)<br />Source: <a title="Clarivate Analytics" href="http://clarivate.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Clarivate Analytics</a>©, <a title="JCR" href="https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/solutions/journal-citation-reports/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Journal Citation Reports</a>®</p> <p><strong style="color: #800000;">Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)</strong> 2020: <strong>0.28</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Rank by JCI: </strong><strong>62</strong>/86 (Q3, Construction and Building Technology)<br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Rank by JCI: </strong><strong>291</strong>/381 (Q4, Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)<br />Source: <a title="Clarivate Analytics" href="http://clarivate.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Clarivate Analytics</a>©, <a title="JCR" href="https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/solutions/journal-citation-reports/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Journal Citation Reports</a>®</p> <p><strong style="color: #800000;">Eigenfactor / Percentile </strong>2020: <strong>0.00067</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Article influence/ Percentile</strong> 2020: <strong>0.398</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Eigenfactor Category:</strong> Material Engineering<br />Source: University of Washington©, <a href="http://www.eigenfactor.org/projects/journalRank/rankings.php?search=0465-2746&amp;searchby=issn&amp;orderby=year" target="_blank" rel="noopener">EigenFACTOR</a>®</p> <table style="width: 100%; border-spacing: 0px; border-collapse: collapse; margin-top: 40px;"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Open Access</p> <p class="check">No APC</p> <p class="check">Indexed</p> <p class="check">Original Content</p> </td> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Peer Review</p> <p class="check">Ethical Code</p> <p class="check">Plagiarism Detection</p> <p class="check">Digital Identifiers</p> </td> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Interoperability</p> <p class="check">Digital Preservation</p> <p class="check">Research Data Policy</p> <p class="check">PDF, HTML, XML-JATS</p> <p class="check">Online First</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> en-US <strong>© CSIC.</strong> Manuscripts published in both the printed and online versions of this Journal are the property of <strong>Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas</strong>, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.<br /><br />All contents of this electronic edition, except where otherwise noted, are distributed under a “<strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</strong>” (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the <strong><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.en" target="_blank">basic information</a></strong> and the <strong><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode" target="_blank">legal text</a></strong> of the license. The indication of the CC BY 4.0 License must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.<br /><br />Self-archiving in repositories, personal webpages or similar, of any version other than the published by the Editor, is not allowed. mmalonso@ietcc.csic.es (Mª del Mar Alonso López) soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es (Soporte Técnico Revistas-CSIC) jue, 30 sep 2021 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 3.2.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Substitution of aggregates by waste foundry sand: effects on physical properties of mortars https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/article/view/2321 <p>The substitution of the normalized aggregate by residual foundry sand (WFS) was studied on the physical properties of mortars by means of resistance to compression and capillary absorption tests. The aggregate was replaced by WFS in its natural state (WFS), washed residual foundry sand (WFSW) and heat treated residual foundry sand (WFST). The WFS had a percentage of bentonite, which was sought to be thermally activated. It was found that the physical behavior of the mortars containing WFS and WFSW was similar to that of the control sample. The clay recovered from the sand washing was evaluated for its pozzolanic potential, it was found that, with the thermal treatment, the montmorillonite acquires pozzolanic behavior. Mortars with WFST presented a drop in compressive strength. The pozzolanic effect achieved in the clay was not reflected in the compressive strength of the mortars with WFST.</p> B.A. Feijoo, J.I. Tobón, O.J. Restrepo-Baena Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/article/view/2321 mié, 28 jul 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Analysis of different interface treatments between masonry of AAC blocks and reinforced concrete structure after uniaxial compression strength test https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/article/view/2322 <p>Autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) masonry is widely used in civil construction but requires further investigation. Hence, this experimental study evaluated three types of interface treatment between the reinforced concrete structure and AAC masonry, in scale, after a uniaxial compression resistance test. The types of interface treatment considered are reinforcement with steel bars, with rough polymeric cementitious mortar, and without treatment. The maximum load capacity, displacements, and occurrence of cracks were analysed. The results showed that the maximum individual load capacity did not significantly differ among the examined groups. However, the analysis of the displacements and cracks showed that the group with steel reinforcement had the smallest displacements and largest cracks. This behaviour is owing to the greater solidarity of forces conferred by steel reinforcement.</p> D.S. Silva, E.G.P. Antunes Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/article/view/2322 vie, 30 jul 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Influence of fly ash, glass fibers and wastewater on production of recycled aggregate concrete https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/article/view/2325 <p>To encounter the issues of waste materials, low tensile strength of concrete and environmental impacts of cement production, research is needed to develop a sustainable concrete. This study has endeavored to investigate the effects of using recycled coarse aggregates (RCA), various types of wastewater effluents, fly ash, and glass fibers on the mechanical and durability behavior of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) incorporating with fly ash and glass fibers (FGRAC). Six different kinds of wastewater effluents for the mixing of concrete, 100% replacing the natural coarse aggregates with RCA, and 30% replacement of cement with fly ash were used for the development of concrete. The experimental measurement portrayed that the textile factory effluent presented the highest compressive and tensile strengths of concrete. Fertilizer factory effluent portrayed the highest water absorption, mass loss due to acid attack, and chloride penetration to concrete.</p> A. Raza, B. Ali, F.U. Haq, M. Awais, M.S. Jameel Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/article/view/2325 mar, 17 ago 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Evaluation of the long-term compressive strength development of the sewage sludge ash/metakaolin-based geopolymer https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/article/view/2323 <p>This paper aimed to evaluate the long-term compressive strength development of the sewage sludge ash/metakaolin (SSA/MK)-based geopolymer. SSA/MK-based geopolymeric mortars and pastes were produced at 25ºC with different SSA contents (0 - 30 wt.%). Compressive strength tests were run within the 3-720 curing days range. A physicochemical characterisation (X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy) was performed in geopolymeric pastes. All the geopolymeric mortars presented a compressive strength gain with curing time. The mortars with all the SSA evaluated contents (10, 20, 30 wt.%) developed a compressive strength over 40 MPa after 720 curing days at 25ºC. The maximum compressive strength of the mortars with SSA was approximately 61 MPa (10 wt.% of SSA), similarly to the reference mortar (100% MK-based geopolymer). The microstructure analyses showed that the SSA/MK-based geopolymer presented a dense microstructure with N-A-S-H gel formation.</p> D. Istuque, L. Soriano, M.V. Borrachero, J. Payá, J.L. Akasaki, J.L.P. Melges, M.M. Tashima Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/article/view/2323 vie, 30 jul 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Study on improving interface bonding performance of magnesium potassium phosphate cement mortar https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/article/view/2326 <p>To enhance the interfacial bonding performance between magnesium potassium phosphate cement (MKPC) repair mortar and matrix concrete, in this study, MKPC modified mortar was used as the repair material to splice long prismatic test pieces. The four-point bending test was used to determine the flexural bearing capacity of the long prism, and the influence of changing the interface conditions and the modifying the MKPC repair mortar on the improvement of the basic performance of the splicing component is investigated.The research results show that, when the matrix concrete section is in a natural state, applying silica-fume modified MKPC interface agents on the interface with a repair thickness of 3 cm can improve the interface bonding performance. Furthermore, the working performance and mechanical properties of the MKPC repair mortar modified using nickel-iron slag and steel fibers have been significantly improved.</p> J. Zhang, Y. Ji, Z.  Xu, Q. Xue, Y. Zhou, C. Jin Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/article/view/2326 mar, 17 ago 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Soil biostabilisation and interaction with compaction processes for earthen engineering structures production https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/article/view/2327 <p>Interaction between microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation (MICP) and compaction procedures to stabilise raw soil materials has been studied with the aim of producing earthen engineering structures. Initial tests to optimise MICP in aqueous medium and in selected soils were performed. MICP and compaction were finally applied to assess medium-size elements. The main result was that sandy soils should be compacted before irrigation treatment to close the existing voids and prevent bacterial sweeping, whereas clayey soils should be compacted after irrigation treatment to avoid the plugging effect. MICP improved small sand soil compressive strength by up to 32% over the value reached by compaction alone. However, MICP had no positive effect on coarse soils and soils with an optimum particle size distribution: MICP treatment was not able to fill large connected voids in the first case and it caused little void generation due to bacteria sporulation in the second.</p> E. Bernat-Maso, L. Gil, M.J. Lis, E. Teneva Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/article/view/2327 mar, 17 ago 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Early-age compressive strength and dynamic modulus of FRC based on ultrasonic pulse velocity https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/article/view/2324 <p>Due to the increasing use of rapid construction methods and the challenges of maintaining construction schedules, a growing demand exists for procedures that can assure quality of work without sacrificing the pace of construction. The quality control of construction materials specifically, the mechanical properties of concrete are among the most important concerns in today’s construction industry. In the present study, the correlation between fiber-reinforced concrete’s compressive strength and dynamic modulus to its ultrasonic pulse velocity is investigated at early ages up to 7 days after mixing. An experimental program involving 189 FRC specimens were designed containing different types of structural fibers, fiber volume fractions, and water-to-cement ratios. Mathematical equations were developed to predict the early-age compressive strength and dynamic modulus of four different types of fiber-reinforced concrete based on ultrasonic pulse velocity. The predicted compressive strength and dynamic modulus from the proposed equations showed good agreement with the measured ones.</p> D. Castillo, S. Hedjazi Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/article/view/2324 vie, 30 jul 2021 00:00:00 +0200 New methods for assessing brick resistance to freeze-thaw cycles https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/article/view/2328 <p>The aim of this research is to analyse the reliability of the existing methods, and find new ones, for assessing brick resistance to freeze-thaw cycles. A series of bricks were tested against a range of properties; compressive strength ratios pre- to post-freezing and Maage’s factor, were calculated. Using a database created in this way, an analysis of existing classifiers was carried out and new ones were established based on which bricks could be classified into resistant and non-resistant to freeze-thaw cycles. The median pore radius, the ratio of compressive strengths pre- to post-freezing and the water desorption coefficient at 180-360 minutes proved to be good classifiers with a clearly specified cut-off for the distinction between resistant and non-resistant bricks with an acceptable risk of a wrong decision. The ratio of compressive strengths pre to post freezing and the water desorption coefficient at 180-360 minutes were described using the pore system in the brick.</p> I. Netinger-Grubeša, M. Benšić, M. Vračević Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/article/view/2328 mar, 17 ago 2021 00:00:00 +0200