Materiales de Construcción, Vol 52, No 266 (2002)

Aired-time and chamotte hydraulic mortars


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2002.v52.i266.335

M. González Cortina
E.U.A.T. de Madrid, Spain

L. de Villanueva Domínguez
E.T.S.A. de Madrid, Spain

Abstract


The aim of this research project has been to obtain aired-li me based hydraulic mortars with the addition of chamotte or burnt clay powder obtained from the ceramic industry waste. By doing this, hydraulic properties have been included into lime and hydraulic mortars with a great improvement in mechanical properties.
In order to achieve this, different types of chamotte obtained from clay burnt at different temperatures have been tested, changing, at the same time, the proportions of lime, sand, chamotte and water.
All the tests have been performed preparing a double set of test pieces to be kept at room temperature or to be immersed in water, determining the Shore C hardness and the mechanical compressive and tensile strengths. Further on, X-ray diffraction analysis have been developed to determine the qualitative composition of the crystalline structure, as well as micro structural analysis, using stereomicroscope and electric microscope scanning, with X-ray microanalysis have been used.
As a conclusion, several types of mortars have been created with different proportions, which can be used, due to its characteristics, as keying mortars in brickwork, for restoration works as well as for new constructions.

Keywords


mortars; aired-lime; chamotte; hydraulics

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