Materiales de Construcción, Vol 65, No 320 (2015)

Utilisation of Sepidrud dam basin sediments in fired clay bricks: laboratory scale experiment

R. Jamshidi-Chenari
The University of Guilan, Iran, Islamic Republic of

H. Rabanifar
Building and Housing Research Center, Iran, Islamic Republic of

S. Veiseh
Building and Housing Research Center, Iran, Islamic Republic of


The prevailing disposal methods for dam basin sediments are not free from the environmental pollution and the ecological imbalance. At present, a new way to treat the dredged sediments to manufacture bricks is being investigated, prioritizing waste recovery over its deposition in landfills. However, construction materials such as clay bricks must comply with the international and local standards. Considering the perpetual availability of the sediments, particle sizing and their chemical composition and the results of physical and qualification tests on Sepidrud Dam basin sediments it can be concluded that the utilization of basin sediments as a full or partial replacement in clay brick production will lead to the production of quality bricks that meet all the regulatory limits in the standards. This research is novel in view of both increasing the reservoir effective volume capacity and preventing the use of alternative land quarries which are mainly covered by green land.


Sepidrud Dam; Basin sediments; Clay brick; Dune sand; Sawdust

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