Thermal properties of cement mortar with different mix proportions


  • P. Shafigh Department of Building Surveying, Faculty of Built Environment, University of Malaya - Centre for Building, Construction & Tropical Architecture (BuCTA), Faculty of Built Environment, University of Malaya
  • I. Asadi Department of Building Surveying, Faculty of Built Environment, University of Malaya - Centre for Building, Construction & Tropical Architecture (BuCTA), Faculty of Built Environment, University of Malaya
  • A. R. Akhiani Centre of Advanced Materials, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Malaya
  • N. B. Mahyuddin Department of Building Surveying, Faculty of Built Environment, University of Malaya - Centre for Building, Construction & Tropical Architecture (BuCTA), Faculty of Built Environment, University of Malaya
  • M. Hashemi Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya



Cement mortar, Thermal conductivity, Heat capacity, Thermal diffusivity


The energy required for the heating and cooling of buildings is strongly dependant on the thermal properties of the construction material. Cement mortar is a common construction material that is widely used in buildings. The main aim of this study is to assess the thermal properties of cement mortar in terms of its ther­mal conductivity, heat capacity and thermal diffusivity in a wide range of grades (cement: sand ratio between 1:2 and 1:8). As there is insufficient information to predict the thermal conductivity and diffusivity of a cement mortar from its physical and mechanical properties, the relationships between thermal conductivity and diffu­sivity and density, compressive strength, water absorption and porosity are also discussed. Our results indicate that, for a cement mortar with a 28-day compressive strength in the range of 6–60 MPa, thermal conductivity, specific heat and thermal diffusivity are in the range of 1.5–2.7 W/(m.K), 0.87–1.04 kJ/kg.K and 0.89–1.26 (x10-6 m2/s), respectively. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) images showed that pore size varied from 18 μm to 946 μm for samples with different cement-to-sand ratios. The porosity of cement mortar has a signifi­cant effect on its thermal and physical properties. For this reason, thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity was greater in cement mortar samples with a higher density and compressive strength.


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How to Cite

Shafigh, P., Asadi, I., Akhiani, A. R., Mahyuddin, N. B., & Hashemi, M. (2020). Thermal properties of cement mortar with different mix proportions. Materiales De Construcción, 70(339), e224.



Research Articles