Replacement of hydrated lime by lime mud-residue from the cellulose industry in multiple-use mortars production

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2022.17721

Keywords:

Lime mud, Sustainable mortar, Waste recycling

Abstract


The pulp and paper industry increases every year in Brazil, providing an important country position in international market due to its production volume. However, because of this increasing, a large volume of wastes is generated. One of them is a lime mud, resulting from the Kraft chemical pulping production process. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the replacement of hydrated lime by lime mud on laying and coating mortars production, in order to verify its feasibility for possible application in civil construction industry. The 100% hydrated lime replacement mortar reached a 28-day compressive strength of 5.84 MPa. Finally, the results obtained in the experimental program showed that the 100% hydrated lime replacement mortar by lime mud meets the normative requirements for multiple-use mortars.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Deus, R.M.; Battistelle, R.A.G.; Silva, G.H.R. (2017) Current and future environmental impact of household solid waste management scenarios for a region of Brazil: carbon dioxide and energy analysis. J. Clean. Prod. 155 [1], 218-228.

Fetene, Y.; Addis, T.; Beyene, A.; Kloos, H. (2018) Valorisation of solid waste as key opportunity for green city development in the growing urban areas of the developing world. J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 6 [6], 7144-7151.

Mymrin, V.A.; Alekseev, K.P.; Catai, R.E.; Izzo, R.L.S.; Rose, J.L.; Nagalli, A.; Romano, C.A. (2015) Construction material from construction and demolition debris and lime production wastes. Construct. Build. Mater. 79, 207-213.

Contreras, M.; Teixeira, S.R.; Lucas, M.C.; Lima, L.C.N.; Cardoso, D.S.L.; Da Silva, G.A.C.; Gregorio, G.C.; De Souza, A.E.; dos Santos, A. (2016) Recycling of construction and demolition waste for producing new construction material (Brazil case-study). Construct. Build. Mater. 123, 594-600.

Alves, E.D.; Pinheiro, O.S.; Costa, A.O.S.; Junior, E.F.C. (2015) Study of the Kraft pulp obtaining process with emphasis on the lime kiln. Liberato, Novo Hamburgo. 16, 205-217.

Goel, G.; Kalamdhad, A.S. (2017) An investigation on use of paper mill sludge in brick manufacturing. Constr. Build. Mater. 148, 334-343.

Novais, R.M.; Carvalheiras, J.; Senff, L.; Labrincha, J.A. (2018) Upcycling unexplored dregs and biomass fly ash from the paper and pulp industry in the production of eco-friendly geopolymer mortars: A preliminary assessment. Constr. Build. Mater. 184, 464-472.

Bui, N.K.; Satomi, T.; Takahashi, H. (2019) Influence of industrial by-products and waste paper sludge ash on properties of recycled aggregate concrete. J. Clean. Prod. 214, 403-418.

Mymrin, V.; Pedroso, C.L.; Pedroso, D.E.; Avanci, M.A.; Meyer, S.A.; Rolim, P.H.B.; Argenta, M.A.; Ponte, M.J.J.; Gonçalves, A.J. (2020) Efficient application of cellulose Pulp and paper production wastes to produce sustainable construction materials. Constr. Build. Mater. 263, 120604.

Borinaga-Treviño, R.; Cuadrado, J.; Canales, J.; Rojí, E. (2021) Lime mud waste from the paper industry as a partial replacement of cement in mortars used on radiant floor heating systems. J. Build. Engineer. 41, 102408.

Modolo, R.C.E.; Senff, L.; Labrincha, J.A.; Ferreira, V.M.; Tarelho, L.A.C. (2014) Lime mud from cellulose industry as raw material in cement mortars. Mater. Construcc. 64 [316], e033.

Vashistha, P.; Kumar, V. (2020) Paper mill lime sludge valorization as partial substitution of cement in mortar. Emerging technologies for waste valorization and environmental protection. Springer, Singapore.

IBÁ - Brazilian Tree Industry. (2020) Annual report. 66 p. Retrieved from: https://iba.org/datafiles/publicacoes/relatorios/relatorio-iba-2020.pdf. Accessed on: April 20, 2021.

NBR 16697. (2018) NBR 16697 - Portland cement - Requirements. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brazil (In Portuguese).

NBR 7175. (2003) NBR 7175 - Hydrated lime for mortar - Requirements. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brazil (In Portuguese).

NBR NM 23. (2000) NBR NM 23 - Portland cement - density determination. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brazil (In Portuguese).

NBR NM 248. (2003) NBR NM 248 - Aggregates - Determination of particle size composition. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brazil (In Portuguese).

NBR 13276. (2016) NBR 13276 - Mortars applied on walls and ceilings - Determination of the consistence index. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brazil (In Portuguese).

NBR 13281. (2005) NBR 13281 - Mortar for laying and coating walls and ceilings - Requirements. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brazil (In Portuguese).

ASTM C1231. (2000) Standard practice for use of unbounded caps in determination of compressive strength of hardened concrete cylinders. American Society for Testing and Materials. Novo México.

Shapiro, S.S.; Wilk, M.B. (1965) An analysis of variance test for normality (complete sample). Biometrika. 52 [3], 591-611.

Barlett, M.S. (1937) Properties of sufficiency and statistical tests. Proc. Royal Statis. Soc. - Serie A. 60, 268-282.

NBR 5739. (2018) NBR 5739 - Concrete - Compression tests of cylindrical specimens. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brazil (In Portuguese).

NBR 7222. (2011) NBR 7222 - Concrete and mortar - Determination of tensile strength by diametrical compression of cylindrical specimens. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brazil (In Portuguese).

NBR 13278. (2005) NBR 13278 - Mortar for laying and coating walls and ceilings - Determination of mass density and incorporated air content. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brasil (In Portuguese).

NBR NM 47. (2002) NBR NM 47 - Concrete - Determination of air content in freshly mixed concrete - Pressure method. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brasil (In Portuguese).

NBR 13277. (2005). NBR 13277 - Mortars applied on walls and ceilings - Determination of the water retentively. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brazil. (In Portuguese).

NBR 13280. (2005) NBR 13280 - Mortar for laying and coating walls and ceilings - Determination of bulk density in hardened state. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brazil. (In Portuguese).

NBR 15259. (2005) NBR 15259 - Mortars applied on walls and ceilings - Determination of water absorption coefficient due to capillary action. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brazil. (In Portuguese).

NBR 13528. (2010) NBR 13528 - Coating of inorganic mortar walls and ceilings - Determination of tensile bond strength. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brazil. (In Portuguese).

NBR 13279. (2005) NBR 13279 - Mortars applied on walls and ceilings - Determination of the flexural and the compressive strength in the hardened stage. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brazil. (In Portuguese).

NBR 5752. (2014). NBR 5752 - Pozzolanic materials - Determination of performance index with Portland cement at 28 days. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brazil (In Portuguese).

NBR 12653. (2015) NBR 12653 - Pozzolanic materials - Requirements. Brazilian Association of Technical Norms. Rio de Janeiro. Brazil (In Portuguese).

Dunnett, C.W. (1955) A multiple comparison procedure for comparing several treatments with a control. J. Am. Statist. Assoc. 50, 1096-1121.

Tukey, J.W. (1949) Comparing individual means in the analysis of variance. Biometrics. 5, 99-114.

Malaiskiene, J.; Kizinievic, O.; Kizinievic, V.; Boris, R. (2018) The impact of primary sludge from paper industry on the properties of hardened cement paste and mortar. Construct. Build. Mater. 172, 553-561.

Martins, R.O.G.; Sant’Ana Alvarenga, R.C.S.; Pedroti, L.G.; de Oliveira, A.F.; Mendes, B.C.; Azevedo, A.R.G. (2018) Assessment of the durability of grout submitted to accelerated carbonation test. Construct. Build. Mater. 129 [20], 261-268.

Marliere, E.; Mabrouk, M.; Lamblet, P., Coussot, P. (2012) How water retention in porous media with cellulose ethers works. Cem. Concr. Res. 42 [11], 1512-1529.

Mattana, A.J.; Medeiros, M.H.F.; Silva, N.G.; Costa, M.R.M.M. (2012) Análise hierárquica para escolha entre agregado natural e areia de britagem de rocha para confecção de argamassas de revestimento. Ambien. Constr. 12 [4], 63-79.

Costa, J. S. (2006) Alternative aggregates for mortar and concrete produced from the recycling of virgin waste from the traditional ceramics industry. Thesis (Doctorate), Universidade Federal de São Carlos - UFSCAR, São Carlos, 208p (In Portuguese).

Marousek, J.; Haskova S.; Zeman R.; Zak, J.; Vaníckova, R.; Marouskova, A.; Vachal, J.; Myskova, J. (2015) Techno-economic assessment of processing the cellulose casings waste. Clean Technol. Environ. Policy. 17, 2441-2446.

Lafhaj, Z.; Goueygou, M.; Djerbi, A.; Kaczmarek M. (2006) Correlation between porosity, permeability and ultrasonic parameters of mortar with variable water/cement ratio and water content. Cem. Concr. Res. 36 [4], 625-633.

Callister, W.D.; Rethwisch, D.G. (2012) Materials science and engineering: An introduction. LTC, v. 8° Edição.

Marvila, M.; Alexandre, J.; Rangel, A.A.G.; Zanelato, E.; Monteiro, S.N.; Delaqua, G.; Amaral, L. (2017) Estudo da Capilaridade para Argamassas de Múltiplo uso. Anais do Congresso Anual da ABM. 72, 1.

Azevedo, A.R.G.; Alexandre, J.; Xavier, G.C.; Pedroti, L.G. (2018) Recycling paper industry effluent sludge for use in mortars: A sustainability perspective. J. Clean. Produc. 192, 335-346.

Azevedo, A.R.G.; Alexandre, J.; Marvila, M.T.; Xavier, G.C.; Monteiro, S.N.; Pedroti, L.G. (2020) Technological and environmental comparative of the processing of primary sludge waste from paper industry for mortar. J. Clean. Produc. 249, 119336.

Alves, A. (2018) Determination of physical, chemical and mechanical properties of mortars based on metakaolin activated by NaOH, KOH and NaOH + KOH. Dissertation (Masters in Civil Engineering) - Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ - Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense - UENF (In portuguese).

Ramalho, M.A.; Corrêa, M.R.S. (2003) Projeto de edifícios de alvenaria estrutural, 1.ed. São Paulo.

Ramachandran, V.S.; Paroli, R.M.; Beaudoin, J.J.; Delgado, A.H. (2002) Handbook of thermal analysis of construction materials. William Andrew Publishing/Noyes, Norwich, 491-530.

Silva, A.S. (2018) Dolomitic lime: the past and present. Ambient. Constr.18 [4], 63-73.

Santiago, E.I.; Andrade, A.V.C.; Paiva-Santos C.O.; Bulhões L.O.S. (2003) Structural and electrochemical properties of LiCoO2 prepared by combustion synthesis. Solid State Ionics. 158, 91-102.

Malaiškienė, J.; Banevičienė, V.; Boris, R.; Antonovič, V. (2019) The effect of dried paper-mill sludge on cement hydration. J. Thermal Anal. Calorim. 138, 4107-4118.

Mehta, P.K.; Monteiro, P.J.M. (2014) Concreto: microestrutura, propriedades e materiais. 2 ed. São Paulo: IBRACON.

Published

2022-09-05

How to Cite

Sangi-Gonçalves, H. ., Penteado-Dias, D. ., & Castillo-Lara, R. . (2022). Replacement of hydrated lime by lime mud-residue from the cellulose industry in multiple-use mortars production. Materiales De Construcción, 72(347), e292. https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2022.17721

Issue

Section

Research Articles

Funding data