Materiales de Construcción, Vol 66, No 321 (2016)

Use of coconut fibre reinforced concrete and coconut-fibre ropes for seismic-resistant construction


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2016.01015

Majid Ali
Department of Civil Engineering, Capital University of Science and Technology, Pakistan

Abstract


Earthquake-resistant and economical housing is the most desirable need in rural areas of developing countries. These regions often suffer significant loss of life during a seismic event. To enable an efficient and cost-effective solution, a new concept of construction, i.e. a wallette of interlocking blocks with movability at the interface and rope reinforcement, is investigated. The novel interlocking block is made of coconut fibre reinforced concrete (CFRC). The reason for using coconut fibre is their highest toughness amongst natural fibres. This paper describes the in-plane behaviour of the interlocking wallette under earthquake loadings. The wallette response is measured in terms of induced acceleration, block uplift, top maximum relative displacement and rope tension. The applied earthquake loadings cannot produce any damage in the structure, i.e. blocks and/or ropes. The response of the wallette is explained in detail along with correlation of materials aspect with structural behaviour.

Keywords


Fibre reinforcement; Concrete; Composite; Acceleration; Mechanical properties

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References


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