Trace elements based classification on clinkers. Application to Spanish clinkers


  • F. D. Tamás Dept. Silicate and Materials Engineering. Univ. de Veszprém
  • J. Abonyi Dept. Process Engineering. Univ. de Veszprém
  • F. Puertas Instituto de Ciencias de la Construcción Eduardo Torroja (CSIC)



The qualitative identification to determine the origin (i.e. manufacturing factory) of Spanish clinkers is described. The classification of clinkers produced in different factories can be based on their trace element content. Approximately fifteen clinker sorts are analysed, collected from 11 Spanish cement factories to determine their Mg, Sr, Ba, Mn, Ti, Zr, Zn and V content. An expert system formulated by a binary decision tree is designed based on the collected data. The performance of the obtained classifier was measured by ten-fold cross validation. The results show that the proposed method is useful to identify an easy-to-use expert system that is able to determine the origin of the clinker based on its trace element content.


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How to Cite

Tamás, F. D., Abonyi, J., & Puertas, F. (2001). Trace elements based classification on clinkers. Application to Spanish clinkers. Materiales De Construcción, 51(263-264), 85–96.



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