Materiales de Construcción, Vol 63, No 311 (2013)

Equivalent Mortar Volume (EMV) method for proportioning recycled aggregate concrete: Validation under the Spanish context and its adaptation to Bolomey methodology for concrete proportioning


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2012.01112

C. Jiménez
Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña (Barcelona), Spain

D. Aponte
Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña (Barcelona), Spain

E. Vázquez
Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña (Barcelona), Spain

M. Barra
Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña (Barcelona), Spain

S. Valls
Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña (Barcelona), Spain

Abstract


A new method for proportioning recycled aggregates concrete (RAC) is used to check its feasibility under the Spanish context. First, an extensive experimental campaign has been done, with the purpose of check and analyze the applicability of the EMV method with two Spanish recycled concrete aggregates (RCA). The aim of the second part of the investigation, was to elaborate an adaptation of the EMV method to Bolomey methodology (1), using a 20% weight replacement of coarse natural aggregates (NA) for RCA, and so, with this, comply with the Spanish Instruction for Structural Concrete (EHE 2008). Slump, air content, fresh and hardened densities, compressive strength and modulus of elasticity were determined and analyzed, in order to check the concrete properties. Finally, it was observed that, the EMV method is viable, and its adaptation, results in concrete mixes with similar or better properties than the natural aggregate concrete and RAC conventionally prepared.

Keywords


Recycled concrete; recycled aggregate; mix proportioning; mechanical properties; Portland cement

Full Text:


PDF

References


(1) Cánovas, M. F.: Hormigón, Colegio de Ingenieros de Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Madrid, (2007).

(2) European Topic Centre on Resource and Waste Management: EU as a Recycling Society, European Topic Centre on Sustainable Consumption and Production, Copenhagen, (2009).

(3) Agència de Residus de Catalunya. Residus de la construcción, INFORME 2010. Informe Annual, Departament de Territori i Sostenibilitat, Barcelona, (2010).

(4) Glavind, A.; Munch-Petersen, C.: "'Green' concrete in Denmark", Structural Concrete, vol. 1, nº 1 (2000), pp. 1-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/stco.2000.1.1.19

(5) Razaqpur, A. G.; Fathifazl, G.; Isgor, B.; Abbas, A.; Fournier, B.; Foo, S.: "How to produce high quality concrete mixes with recycled concrete aggregate", Construction Waste Recycling and Civil Engineering Sustainable Development, Proceedings of the ICWEM 2010, (2010), pp. 11-35.

(6) ACI Committe 555: Removal and Reuse of Hardened Concrete - ACI 555R-01, ACI Committee, Detroit, (2001).

(7) Hansen, T. C.: Recycling of Demolished Concrete and Masonry. RILEM, Londres, (1992).

(8) EPA - U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks (EPA 430-R-11-005), EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency), Washington, (2011).

(9) Maier, P. L.; Durham, S. A.: "Beneficial use of recycled materials in concrete mixtures", Construction and Building Materials, nº 29 (2012), pp. 428-437. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.10.024

(10) Comité Técnico AEN/CTN 80 Cementos y Cales: Cemento. Parte1: Composición, especificaciones y criterios de conformidad de los cementos comunes, AENOR, Madrid, (2000).

(11) Comité Técnico AEN/CTN 146 Áridos: UNE-EN 933-11:2009. Ensayos para determinar las propiedades geométricas de los áridos. Parte 11: Ensayo de clasificación de los componentes de los áridos gruesos reciclados, AENOR, Madrid, (2009).

(12) Comisión Permanente del Hormigón: Instrucción de Hormigón Estructural. EHE-08, Ministerio de Fomento, Madrid, (2008).

(13) Tam, V. W. Y., Gao, X. F., Tam, C. M., Chan, C. H.: "New approach in measuring water absorption of recycled aggregates", Construction and Building Materials, nº 22 (2008), pp. 364-369. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2006.08.009

(14) Neville, A. M.; Brooks, J. J.: Concrete Technology, Prentice Hall, Harlow, (2010).

(15) Gómez-Soberón, J. M. V.; Vázquez Ramonich, E.; Agulló Fité, L.: Hormigón con Áridos Reciclados. Una Guía de Diseño para el Material, Barcelona (2001).

(16) López-Gayarre, F.; Serna, P.; Domingo-Cabo, A.; Serrano-López, M. A.; López-Colina, C.: "Influence of recycled aggregate quality and proportioning criteria on recycled concrete properties". Waste Management, nº 29 (2009), pp. 3022-3028.

(17) Corinaldesi, V.: "Mechanical and elastic behaviour of concretes made of recycled-concrete coarse aggregates", Construction and Building Materials, nº 24 (2010), pp. 1616-1620. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.02.031

(18) Gómez-Soberón, J. M. V.: "Porosity of recycled concrete with substitution of recycled concrete aggregate. An experimental study", Cement and Concrete Research, nº 32 (2002), pp. 1301-1311. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(02)00795-0

(19) Abbas, A.; Fathifazl, G.; Isgor, O. B.; Razaqpur, A. G.; Fournier, B.; Foo, S.: "Durability of recycled aggregate concrete designed with equivalent mortar volume method", Cement & Concrete Composites, nº 31 (2009), pp. 555-563. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2009.02.012

(20) Comité Técnico AEN/CTN 146 Áridos: UNE-EN 1097-6:2000. Ensayos para determinar las propiedades mecánicas y físicas de los áridos. Parte 6: Determinación de la densidad de partículas y la absorción de agua, AENOR, Madrid, (2000).

(21) ASTM International: ASTM C 29/C 29M -09. Standard Test Method for Bulk Density (Unit Weight) and Voids in Aggregate, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, (2009).

(22) Abbas, A.; Fathifazl, G.; Fournier, B.; Isgor, O. B.; Zavadil, R.; Razaqpur, A. G.: "Quantification of the residual mortar content in recycled concrete aggregates by image analysis", Materials Characterization, nº 60 (2009), pp. 716-728. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2009.01.010

(23) Barra, M.: Estudio de la durabilidad del hormigón de árido reciclado en su aplicación como hormigón armado, Barcelona, (1996).

(24) Morlion, D.; Venstermans, J.; Vyncke, J.: Demolition of the Zandvliet lock as aggregates for concrete. In RILEM. Demolition and reuse of concrete and masonry, Chapman and Hall Ltd, Londres (1988).

(25) ACI Committee 211: Standard Practice for Selecting Proportions for Normal, Heavyweight, and Mass Concrete (ACI 211.1-91), American Concrete Institute, Detroit, (2002).

(26) Fathifazl, G.; Abbas, A.; Razaqpur, A. G.; Isgor, O. B.; Fournier, B.; Foo, S.: "New Mixture Proportioning Method for Concrete Made with Coarse Recycled Concrete Aggregate", Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, (2009), pp. 601-611. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(2009)21:10(601)

(27) ASTM International: ASTM C143/C 143M - 10a Standard Test Method for Slump of Hydraulic Cement Concrete, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, (2010).

(28) ASTM International: ASTM C231/C 231M - 10 Standard Test Method for Air Content of Freshly Mixed Concrete by the Pressure Method, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, (2010).

(29) ASTM International, ASTM C 642 - 06. Standard Test Method for Density, Absorption, and Voids in Hardened Concrete, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, (2006).

(30) Comité Técnico AEN/CTN 83 Hormigón: UNE-EN 12390-3:2009/AC. Ensayos de hormigón endurecido. Parte 3: Determinación de la resistencia a compresión de probetas, AENOR, Madrid (2009).

(31) Comité Técnico AEN/CTN 83 Hormigón: UNE 83316:1996. Ensayos de hormigón. Determinación del módulo de elasticidad en compresión. AENOR, Madrid, (1996).

(32) Sánchez de Juan, M.: Estudio sobre la utilización de árido reciclado para la fabricación de Hormigón Estructural, Madrid, (2004).

(33) Cement & Concrete Institute: Admixtures for Concrete, Cement & Concrete Institute, Midrand, (2009).

(34) ACI Committee E-701: Chemical Admixtures for Concrete, American Concrete Institute, Detroit, (2003).

(35) Cement Admixtures Association: Admixture Sheet - ATS 5. Concrete Air-entraining admixtures, Cement Admixtures Association, Knowle, (2006).

(36) ESStech: C - 11: Air-Entrainment: Benefits & Pitfalls. Italcementi Group.

(37) National Cooperative Highway Research Program: NCHRP Report 578. Evaluating Air-Entraining Admixtures for Highway Concrete, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, D.C., (2007).

(38) National Ready Mixed Association: CIP 15 - Chemical Admixtures for Concrete, National Ready Mixed Association, Silver Spring, (2001).

(39) Portland Cement Association: Concrete Technology, PCA Portland Cement Association, Online, visitado: 16/02/2012. http://www.cement.org/tech/cct_admixtures_AEA.asp




Copyright (c) 2013 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Contact us materconstrucc@ietcc.csic.es

Technical support soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es