Materiales de Construcción, Vol 63, No 312 (2013)

Use of new raw materials and industrial wastes to improve the possibilities of using ceramic materials from Bailén (Jaén, southern Spain)


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2012.03412

R. J. Galán-Arboledas
Fundación Innovarcilla. Centro Tecnológico de la Cerámica de Andalucía, Jaén, Spain

A. Merino
Fundación Innovarcilla. Centro Tecnológico de la Cerámica de Andalucía, Jaén, Spain

S. Bueno
Fundación Innovarcilla. Centro Tecnológico de la Cerámica de Andalucía, Jaén, Spain

Abstract


Raw materials used by the ceramic industry in Jaén (southern Spain) consist of mixtures of carbonated clays from the Guadalquivir Basin and red clays from the Iberian Massif. The mixtures formulation usually obeys empirical experience developed by this industry for many generations. This work evaluates different possibilities of using these raw materials to manufacture new ceramic products on the basis of clay physical-chemical properties and analyzes limitations to produce high added value products. As an alternative to overcome these limitations, the mixture of these clays with raw materials from near regions (pyrophyllite clay) and with different industrial wastes is proposed. These wastes are screen glass from monitors and oil impregnated diatomaceous earth. The study of the technological properties shows that the new mixtures are suitable for the processing of ceramic products in which structural and thermal insulating properties are improved or kept.

Keywords


Clay; Structural ceramics; Waste valuation; Thermal insulation

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