Materiales de Construcción, Vol 68, No 330 (2018)

Influence of bagasse ash and recycled concrete aggregate on hardened properties of high-strength concrete

P. Rattanachu
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Thailand

I. Karntong
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Thailand

W. Tangchirapat
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Thailand

C. Jaturapitakkul
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Thailand

P. Chindaprasirt
Sustainable Infrastructure Research and Development Center, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Thailand


This research aimed to use of bagasse ash as a cement replacement in high-strength recycled aggregate concrete (HS-RAC). Crushed limestone was replaced with 100% recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) and the ground bagasse ash (GBA) was used to partially replace ordinary Portland cement (OPC) at 20, 35 and 50%wt of binder to cast HS-RAC. The results indicated that the replacing of crushed limestone with RCA had a negative impact on the properties of the concrete. Increasing the amount of GBA in HS-RAC resulted in a decrease in density and an increase in the volume of permeable pore space. The concrete mixtures prepared with 20%wt GBA replacement of OPC promoted greater the compressive strength than the conventional concrete (CT concrete) at 90 days or more. HS-RAC with GBA (up to 50%) was more durable in terms of chloride ion penetration resistance, although it had lower compressive strength than the CT concrete.


Concrete; Aggregate; Compressive strength; Durability; Chloride

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