Materiales de Construcción, Vol 68, No 330 (2018)

Influence of bagasse ash and recycled concrete aggregate on hardened properties of high-strength concrete


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2018.04717

P. Rattanachu
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Thailand
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9231-0046

I. Karntong
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Thailand
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0134-8485

W. Tangchirapat
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Thailand
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4917-1367

C. Jaturapitakkul
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Thailand
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8785-947X

P. Chindaprasirt
Sustainable Infrastructure Research and Development Center, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Thailand
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1062-3626

Abstract


This research aimed to use of bagasse ash as a cement replacement in high-strength recycled aggregate concrete (HS-RAC). Crushed limestone was replaced with 100% recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) and the ground bagasse ash (GBA) was used to partially replace ordinary Portland cement (OPC) at 20, 35 and 50%wt of binder to cast HS-RAC. The results indicated that the replacing of crushed limestone with RCA had a negative impact on the properties of the concrete. Increasing the amount of GBA in HS-RAC resulted in a decrease in density and an increase in the volume of permeable pore space. The concrete mixtures prepared with 20%wt GBA replacement of OPC promoted greater the compressive strength than the conventional concrete (CT concrete) at 90 days or more. HS-RAC with GBA (up to 50%) was more durable in terms of chloride ion penetration resistance, although it had lower compressive strength than the CT concrete.

Keywords


Concrete; Aggregate; Compressive strength; Durability; Chloride

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