Materiales de Construcción, Vol 69, No 333 (2019)

Development of lightweight insulating building materials from perlite wastes


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.20198.12517

G. M. Tsaousi
National Technical University of Athens, Greece
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4985-968X

L. Profitis
National Technical University of Athens, Greece
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9686-4449

I. Douni
National Technical University of Athens, Greece
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9602-5429

E. Chatzitheodorides
National Technical University of Athens, Greece
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1180-5456

D. Panias
National Technical University of Athens, Greece
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0432-6900

Abstract


This paper investigates the development of geopolymer foam boards, using perlite wastes as raw material. This type of lightweight materials combines the geopolymerization technology with the foaming process. The mechanism of foaming is based on the generation of a gas that is retained by the geopolymer matrix in the form of individual or interconnected voids. In this study, the inorganic foaming agent is hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), which is added into the initial paste in different quantities by mechanical stirring. The produced porous materials have effective densities between 408–476.5 kg/m3, thermal conductivities between 0.076–0.095 W/m.K and different type of microstructure, depending on the concentration of the activator and the foaming agent content. To assess the porosity and the size distribution of the voids, image processing techniques were applied on digital images of the samples. According to these results, the synthesized lightweight materials exhibit similar or even better thermal properties than the current concrete porous materials.

Keywords


Geopolymerization; Foaming; Inorganic; Lightweight

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