Materiales de Construcción, Vol 47, No 247-248 (1997)

Characteristics of sandwich-type structural elements built of advanced composite materials from three dimensional fabrics


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.1997.v47.i247-248.496

L. Castejón
ICMA - Dpto. de Ingeniería Mecánica. Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain

M. A. Jiménez
ICMA - Dpto. de Ingeniería Mecánica. Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain

A. Miravete
ICMA - Dpto. de Ingeniería Mecánica. Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain

Abstract


Sandwich-type structures have proved to be alternatives of great success for several fields of application, and specially in the building sector. This is due to their outstanding properties of .specific rigidity and strength against bending loads and other range of advantages like fatigue and impact resistance, attainment of flat and smooth surfaces, high electric and thermal insulation, design versatility and some others. However, traditional sandwich structures present problems like their tendency towards delamination, stress concentrations in bores or screwed Joints, and pre resistance. These problems are alleviated thanks to the use of new sandwich structures built using three dimensional structures of advanced composite materials, maintaining the present advantages for more traditional sandwich structures. At this rate, these new structures can be applied in several areas where conventional sandwich structures used to be like walls, partitions, floor and ceiling structures, domes, vaults and dwellings, but with greater success.

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