Materiales de Construcción, Vol 57, No 288 (2007)

Improving the prediction of strength and rigidity of structural timber by combining ultrasound techniques with visual grading parameters


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2007.v57.i288.64

M. Conde García
Timber Structures Lab., Forest Research Centre (CIFOR-INIA), Spain

J. I. Fernández-Golfín Seco
Timber Structures Lab., Forest Research Centre (CIFOR-INIA), Spain

E. Hermoso Prieto
Timber Structures Lab., Forest Research Centre (CIFOR-INIA), Spain

Abstract


The present study explores the possibility of using longitudinal ultrasound transmission to evaluate the bending strength and modulus of elasticity in structural timber made from the two species most commonly found in Spanish construction and rehabilitation works: Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and Laricio pine (Pinus nigra Arn.).
An analysis of 1305 Scots pine and 852 Laricio pine beams shows that ultrasound transmission velocity alone can predict neither the bending strength nor the modulus of elasticity and that other predictive variables are required.
A series of models are proposed based on ultrasound transmission velocity measurements, the relative size of the largest face and edge knots, length and density. After running models for each species individually and for the two jointly, a single model is found to be suitable for both.
The models proposed explain from 63 to 73 per cent of bending strength and modulus of elasticity variability.

Keywords


ultrasound; timber; visual grading; mechanical properties; non destructive analysis

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References


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