Materiales de Construcción, Vol 67, No 328 (2017)

Using petrographic techniques to evaluate the induced effects of NaCl, extreme climatic conditions, and traffic load on Spanish road surfaces


https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2017.07516

A. P. Pérez-Fortes
Dept. de Petrología y Geoquímica, Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas. Universidad Complutense (UCM), Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0068-7722

M. J. Varas-Muriel
Dept. de Petrología y Geoquímica, Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas. Universidad Complutense (UCM)- Dept. de Geomateriales. Instituto de Geociencias (IGEO-CSIC), Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2378-9414

P. Castiñeiras
Dept. de Petrología y Geoquímica, Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas. Universidad Complutense (UCM), Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1835-3192

Abstract


The asphalt surface layer is the most exposed to weather and traffic conditions on roads, especially those subjected to winter maintenance. Therefore, a deep knowledge of the mechanisms which can damage this layer is necessary to improve its design, construction and long-term use. With this purpose, two types of asphalt mixtures used on roads from NW Spain were subjected to durability tests (freezing-thaw and thermal-stress) with a saturated NaCl solution. After the durability tests, a wheel tracking test was performed on the samples, and the resultant material was analyzed by optical polarized light and fluorescence microscopy. This analysis showed that the binder-aggregate low adhesion was the main responsible of the asphalt mixture damage. This damage was concentrated in the aggregates because the binder acted as an impermeable wall. Consequently, the NaCl solution penetrated and degraded the aggregates quickly and strongly.

Keywords


Aggregate; Asphalt surface; Winter maintenance; Traffic; Petrography

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